While the S&P 500 Index surged 11% last year, Fairfax Financial Holdings (TSX:FFH) surged 80%. Hedge funds tend to outperform the market because of their aggressive approach. But for Fairfax, its conservative value investment philosophy focused on long-term shareholder value paid off.
What does Fairfax do?
Fairfax is primarily a property and casualty insurance and reinsurance company. It is also a holding company that acquires companies or buys significant stakes in them and holds them for the long term. Its founder Prem Watsa is popularly called the Warren Buffett of Canada.
Watsa’s portfolio has 53 shares, but almost 80% of its portfolio value comes from just four shares. Similar is the case with Buffett’s portfolio where five stocks make up over 70% of his portfolio. That’s the trick of value investing, you buy undervalued stock and diversify your portfolio across sectors. Hence, when the value of the stock grows, its holdings automatically increase.
Fairfax’s top four holdings were responsible for its 2022 rally.
Fairfax has 47.4% of its holdings in Atlas Corporation (TSX:ACO), a global asset management company with holdings in quality infrastructure assets in the maritime, energy, and other infrastructure verticals. It is the parent company of Canadian Utilities. ATCO stock surged 32% between January and August 2022 as it benefitted from rising oil and gas prices. Elevated energy prices continue to drive ATCO’s stock, and a rising ATCO stock price was partially responsible for Fairfax’s 2022 rally.
In November 2022, led by chairman David Sokol, Fairfax and Ocean Network Express created an entity ‘Poseidon Acquisition’ to acquire Atlas in an all-cash deal of around $10.9 billion. The deal is expected to close in the first half of 2023, after which Atlas will stop trading on the stock exchange.
Resolute Forest Products
Fairfax has 15.7% of its holdings in pulp and paper company Resolute Forest Products. Forestry is a mature industry that is consolidating. Fairfax is selling its stake to Domtar at a breakeven point and the transaction is expected to close in the first half of 2023.
Fairfax has 10.5% of its holdings in Kennedy-Wilson Holdings, a REIT with multifamily and office properties across the United States, the United Kingdom, and Ireland. The REIT gives Fairfax’s portfolio diversification across asset classes.
Fairfax has a 5.7% holding in BlackBerry, the cybersecurity management and internet of things (IoT) operating system company. BlackBerry is popular among investors because of Prem Watsa’s significant holding. Two years back, Blackberry was the second largest holding of Fairfax, but its stock fell 50% in the 2022 tech stock sell-off. Watsa still has holdings in Blackberry as he sees